Export controls

General controls

What general controls are imposed on exports?

Export controls on certain products take the form of export prohibitions, restrictions and licensing as regulated under the Import and Export Law No. 21 of 2001.

Export prohibition can be imposed on certain products to fulfil international obligations, such as for nuclear weapons and chemical products. Some products can also be subjected to export fees or temporary fees to prevent shortages of certain products in the local market.

Government authorities

Which authorities handle the controls?

Generally, export prohibitions and licensing arrangements for all products are handled by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, except for agricultural products, which are arranged by the Ministry of Agriculture. Such controls are enforced by the Customs Directorate.

Export fees are applied by different governmental agencies. For example, export fees on mining and quarrying products are collected by the Natural Resources Authority, and on agricultural products by the Ministry of Agriculture.

Special controls

Are separate controls imposed on specific products? Is a licence required to export such products? Give details.

There are separate controls imposed on specific products, such as wheat flour and dual-use materials. For example, wheat flour and other wheat products are subject to export licensing arrangements to ensure that the consumer subsidies granted to these products are reimbursed by exporters when the products are exported.

Also, some controls are imposed to fulfil international obligations, such as for nuclear weapons and chemical products, and those on endangered species. Jordan is a contracting party to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and a signatory to the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Supply chain security

Has your jurisdiction implemented the WCO’s SAFE Framework of Standards? Does it have an AEO programme or similar?

Yes. Jordan does implement the WCO’s SAFE Framework of Standards. The Customs Directorate has applied an AEO programme since 2005. The programme title is the Golden List, designed to enhance the security and facilitation of international trade.

Applicable countries

Where is information on countries subject to export controls listed?

Export controls are not specific to certain countries. However, they are published in the Official Gazette. Information on export controls can be requested from the Directorate of Trade of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Supply (www.mit.gov.jo/Pages/viewpage.aspx?pageID=136).

Named persons and institutions

Does your jurisdiction have a scheme restricting or banning exports to named persons and institutions abroad? Give details.

Yes. However, the information is not publicly available, but can be requested by importers from the Central Bank of Jordan.

Penalties

What are the possible penalties for violation of export controls?

The penalties for violating export controls vary according to the type of control applied. Violations of export prohibitions are subject to criminal liabilities under customs law, where the penalty for exporting a product prohibited from exportation is a fine not less than 50 Jordanian dinars up to 1,000 Jordanian dinars, and if such violation is repeated the violator would face imprisonment for one month up to three years. Fees violations are subject to different fines regulated under the different laws organising export fee payments for each concerned institution.