On February 8, 2018, the California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) released a Draft Three-Year Priority Product Work Plan (2018-2020) (new Work Plan) under its Safer Consumer Products (SCP) Program. The SCP Program is an innovative regulatory scheme to evaluate and require safer substitutes for hazardous chemicals in consumer products. The new Work Plan identifies the product categories that DTSC will evaluate during the next three years in order to identify the next set of Priority Products it will regulate under the SCP regulations.

Following on the heels of the prior 2015-2017 Priority Product Work Plan (Prior Work Plan), the new Work Plan identifies seven product categories from which DTSC will propose future Priority Products for regulation. The new Work Plan also describes DTSC’s considerations in selecting the product categories and provides selected examples of Candidate Chemicals found in products within these categories.

Of the seven product categories, five are carried over from the Prior Work Plan with some names modified to make them consistent with industry or regulatory naming conventions, or to change the category scope. Two wholly new categories (Food Packaging and Lead-Acid Batteries) are also added. Two former categories not being evaluated under the new Work Plan are clothing products and fishing and angling equipment. The seven categories are:

  • Beauty, Personal Care, and Hygiene Products (e.g., cosmetics, hair care products, personal care products, and skin care products such as soaps, cleansers, and lotions). Examples of Candidate Chemicals: benzophenone-3, bisphenol A (BPA), diethanolamine, formaldehyde, phthalates, parabens, triclosan, titanium dioxide, toluene, and volatile organic compounds.
  • Cleaning Products (e.g., air care products, automotive products, general cleaning products, or polish or floor maintenance products). Examples of Candidate Chemicals: nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs), acetaldehyde, 2-butoxyethanol, 2-butanone, 1,4-dioxane, ethanolamines, perchloroethylene, phthalates, triclosan, formaldehyde, and other volatile organic compounds (e.g., methyl ethyl ketone, toluene).
  • Household, School, and Workplace Furnishing and Décor (e.g., beds, bookcases, chests, chairs, tables, dressers, desks, pianos, drapes, blinds, sofas, wall hangings, or any other objects intended to beautify or add visual interest or utility to the interior space of a building). This category may also include some floor treatments, such as throw rugs and carpets, but not wall-to-wall carpets or floor coverings, which are permanently or semi-permanently affixed to the building. Examples of Candidate Chemicals: BPA, chlorinated or brominated compounds and organophosphates, formaldehyde, lead, perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, perchloroethylene, phthalates, triclosan, and volatile organic compounds.
  • Building Products and Materials Used in Construction and Renovation (e.g., cabinets, countertops, wall-to-wall carpets, tiles, linoleum, laminates, and wood that are permanently or semi-permanently fixed in place by means of adhesives, tack strips, or by other means, or that are designed to remain in place once installed). Examples of Candidate Chemicals: acrylates, BPA, chlorinated or brominated compounds and organophosphates, chlorinated paraffins, formaldehyde, isocyanates and diisocyantes, perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, phthalates, styrene, and volatile organic compounds.
  • Consumable Office, School, and Business Supplies (e.g., receipt tape, specialty paper products, pens, pencils, markers, tapes, glues, adhesives, 3D printer feedstocks, and ink and toner cartridges). Examples of Candidate Chemicals: BPA and bisphenol S, phthalates, other volatile organic compounds (e.g., methyl ethyl ketone, toluene), and styrene.
  • Food Packaging (e.g., any product that is used to package room-temperature, hot, or cold food items for wholesale sale to restaurants and grocery stores or for retail sale to consumers and includes cups for liquids or wrappers for fast-food items). Food packaging can be made from a variety of materials, including paper, plastic, ceramic, glass, and metals. Examples of Candidate Chemicals: BPA and bisphenol S, perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, phthalates, and styrene.
  • Lead-Acid Batteries



Vehicle starting, lighting, and ignition

Cars, motorcycles, trucks, buses, recreational vehicles

Small, sealed forms

Consumer electronics, mining lanterns

Mobility applications

Scooters, golf carts, forklifts

Uninterruptible power supply

Emergency lighting, cellphone towers, hospitals, computer centers

Utility-scale energy storage

Wind farms, solar installations

Public Hearing and Comment Period

DTSC will hold a public workshop on February 26, 2018 in Sacramento to accept public comments on the new Work Plan. Written comments will also be accepted until March 9, 2018. 

Relationship to Proposition 65

For the most part, DTSC’s proposals to regulate products under the Safer Consumer Products program continue to trail “failure to warn” bounty hunter enforcement actions under California’s well-established Proposition 65 law (Health and Safety Code Sections 25249.6 et seq.). Indeed, prior Proposition 65 cases have addressed Candidate Priority Products and associated Candidate Chemicals in all of the above categories.

While we have successfully defended several of these cases (e.g., titanium dioxide in cosmetics and skin care products, formaldehyde in laminate flooring), many other cases have settled based on a commitment to remove or limit the chemical of concern (e.g., benzophenone in sunscreen, 1,4-dioxane in cleaning products and shampoos, chlorinated or brominated compounds in fire retardants applied to upholstered furniture) in the subject product to reduce the potential consumer exposure. In addition, relatively recent Proposition 65 listings of chemicals such as BPA have already resulted in widespread efforts to reformulate food and beverage packaging or to warn until such reformulation becomes feasible.

The question of the effectiveness of California’s Safer Consumer Products Program has been posed since its inception under former Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. With a proposed work plan that trails Proposition 65 enforcement trends, DTSC is not offering the relief to California’s haphazard chemical policies that was promised when the Green Chemistry Initiative was launched. With Governor Jerry Brown’s term ending at the end of this year, it may well be up to a new California governor and legislature to decide the real future of the SCP Program.