Circuit court affirms a permanent injunction restricting defendants’ depictions of copyrighted film characters derived from images in the public domain, allowing only a faithful reproduction, in whole or in part, of the uncopyrighted public domain images.
On en banc rehearing, Ninth Circuit vacates earlier decision of three-judge panel and holds that the Copyright Act does not preempt plaintiffs’ state law claims for breach of implied contract and breach of confidence, even where the use of an idea is conditioned on the granting of a partnership interest in the proceeds of the production, rather than the payment of money.
In a copyright infringement action, the Third Circuit holds that a written memorandum need not be contemporaneous to validate a prior oral transfer of a copyright, but rules that there must be extrinsic evidence demonstrating that the prior oral transfer actually took place.
The Ninth Circuit joins the Fifth and Seventh Circuits by holding that, for purposes of the Copyright Act's registration requirement for bringing an infringement claim, copyright registration occurs when the Copyright Office receives a complete application, rather than when the Copyright Office approves or rejects an application.
Court holds that prejudgment interest is appropriate in this case because it provides full compensation to the plaintiff and acts as a deterrent to willful copyright infringement; court calculates prejudgment interest from the date the infringement began, not the date plaintiff learned of the infringement.
In peer-to-peer copyright infringement action, court grants defendant’s motion for remittitur and reduces jury’s statutory damage award from $1,920,000 to $54,000 after holding that jury’s statutory damages award is shocking and unjust; court concludes that treble the minimum statutory damages amount of $750 per song is the maximum amount the jury could properly have awarded.