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Results: 1-10 of 17

Poland: outsourcing of API manufacture is not covered by the Bolar exemption
  • Bird & Bird
  • Poland
  • February 6 2014

On 23 October 2013, the Polish Supreme Court rejected a cassation appeal filed by Pharmaceutical Works Polpharma S.A. ("Polpharma"), a leading Polish


France: Pinckney, the case continues as Supreme Court formulates its position
  • Bird & Bird
  • France
  • January 27 2014

On 22nd January 2014 the Cour de cassation issued a significant ruling concerning the jurisdiction of the French courts with regard to violation of


Bullying does not need to be long term to constitute harassment
  • Bird & Bird
  • France
  • August 12 2010

The Labour Code and previous court decisions highlighted the fact that the actions considered as bullying must be repeated in order to constitute harassment, and it was on this basis that the Court of Appeal in the present case held that while the employee was demoted and sidelined following a long term sick leave, and threatened and insulted after a second period returning to work, these events took place over a relatively short period (of approximately one month), insufficient, bearing in mind the period of sick leave, to characterise harassment through bullying


Employees made redundant must be informed of the grounds for redundancy at the latest by the date they accept the CRP
  • Bird & Bird
  • France
  • August 12 2010

The State-run CRP (convention de reclassement personnalisée) redeployment programme must be proposed to employees at risk of redundancy in particular in businesses of less than 1,000 employees, either during their preliminary meeting, or in procedures where no preliminary meeting is required, following on from the final employee representative meeting


Genuine use
  • Bird & Bird
  • France
  • June 21 2010

According to Article L.714-5 of the French Intellectual Property Code : "An owner who has not put his mark to genuine use in connection with the goods or services referred to in the registration during an uninterrupted period of five years, without good reason, shall be liable to revocation of his rights"


Advocate General's opinion in the three French Google keyword references
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, France
  • September 23 2009

The Advocate General delivered his widely anticipated opinion today in three references to the European Court of Justice involving whether the AdWords system operated by Google amounted to trade mark infringement


Classification of LCD monitors: opinion of the Advocate General in the Kamino Case
  • Bird & Bird
  • European Union, Netherlands
  • September 15 2008

On 4 August 2004, Kamino International Logistics B.V. imported a batch of LCD colour monitors under subheading 8528 21 90 of the Combined Nomenclature


Defamation of corporate entities in France
  • Bird & Bird
  • France
  • March 15 2007

Defamation is being applied by judges in France to corporate entities