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Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 2 Nov 2020

Legislative works undertaken to achieve electricity market reforms

Pursuant to Article 20(3) et seq of EU Regulation 2019/943, some EU countries - including Poland - had to prepare a specific roadmap for the…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 15 Oct 2020

Arbitral award vacated for violation of EU competition law

The issue of arbitral tribunals' application of EU law is not new. In the 1990s the European Court of Justice (ECJ) established that a national court…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 14 Sep 2020

Capacity market: consultation on necessary amendments

In recent weeks, information has been published concerning the draft amendment to the Act of 8 December 2017 on the Capacity Market. The amendment…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 3 Aug 2020

New draft Promotion of Electricity Generation in Offshore Wind Farms Act published

Following public consultations conducted by the minister of state assets, the Ministry of Climate has published a new version of the draft Promotion…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 23 Jul 2020

Ready, set, off: Warsaw Court of Appeals confirms tribunal's jurisdiction over set-off claims

The issue of an Arbitral Tribunal's jurisdiction over set-off claims that are not covered by an arbitration agreement is controversial, with the rules…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 30 Mar 2020

Supreme Court clarifies contractual penalties for energy consumers

The Supreme Court recently held that imposing a contractual penalty on energy consumers due to the early termination of a contract for energy supply…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 13 Mar 2020

How to determine price in real estate contracts - earn-out and clawback clauses

In today's world, contractual provisions must be flexible. Transactions involving real estate often require special legal solutions. In particular…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 9 Mar 2020

Representation of corporations and prohibition of self-dealing

In economic trading, corporations on both sides of a transaction are often represented by the same person, who is often a board member of the parent…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 9 Mar 2020

New income tax exemption for Low-Emission Transport Fund e-vehicle subsidies

A recent amendment to the Personal Income Tax Act and the Corporate Income Tax Act has introduced an income tax exemption for benefits received from…
Article

Kubas Kos Gałkowski | Poland | 27 Feb 2020

Words, words, words: concise reasoning not grounds to vacate award

Parties which lose in arbitration often continue to fight off a claim before a state court in post-arbitral proceedings, despite not having a strong…
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