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BMA Barbosa, Müssnich, Aragão | Brazil | 20 Dec 2018

CADE requires ex post review of transactions that do not meet minimum turnover thresholds

The Administrative Council for Economic Defence (CADE) recently requested, for the second time, the compulsory notification of a transaction that did not meet the legal turnover thresholds. This right allows the authority to review the business strategies of successive small acquisitions or acquisitions of nascent rivals in the event that they do not trigger the turnover thresholds. The risk......
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Cozen O'Connor | USA | 19 Dec 2018

San Francisco federal judge dismisses class action claims as time barred and pre-empted by Airline Deregulation Act

In an interesting decision that may have significant repercussions for air carriers, a San Francisco federal judge recently dismissed a putative class action brought against Air France based on a limitations provision set out in Air France's General Conditions of Carriage and the pre-emption provisions of the Airline Deregulation Act.
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ALTIUS | Belgium | 7 Dec 2018

Effects of bankruptcy on spouses' personal debts

The former Bankruptcy Statute of 1997 included a principle that a natural person could be discharged of their remaining and outstanding debts – a so-called 'waiver' – at the moment of a bankruptcy's closure. The discharge's beneficial effects were extended to the bankrupt person's spouse. However, for bankruptcies that have happened since 1 May 2018, and so fall under the new legal framework,......
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SAI Law & Economics | Mexico | 6 Dec 2018

Competition authorities celebrate 25th anniversary amidst signing of USMCA

In 2018 the Federal Economic Competition Commission (FECC) and the Federal Institute of Telecommunications (IFT) celebrated their 25th anniversary. Both authorities have made good progress in carrying out their various functions throughout the years and have been recognised globally for their positive effect on the country's economy. However, it will be interesting to see how the......
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Grau & Angulo | Spain | 5 Nov 2018

Preliminary draft Trademark Act approved: declarations of invalidity and cancellations of registered signs

The Council of Ministers recently approved a preliminary draft law which will partially amend the Trademark Act in order to incorporate the EU Trademark Directive. Ahead of the parliamentary approval procedure, various consulting bodies provided their opinions on the draft text. In this regard, the Economic and Social Council and the General Council of the Judiciary both highlighted certain......
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Fasken | Canada | 26 Sep 2018

Industrial Relations Board renders first decision on concept of 'artist'

The Canada Industrial Relations Board has examined for the first time how the concept of an 'independent contractor' should be applied when determining the status of an 'artist' under the Status of the Artist Act. The board also examined the intended scope of a universal bargaining unit and confirmed that this may vary depending on the context. The decision has opened the door to a more......
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Kincaid | Mendes Vianna Advogados | Brazil | 19 Sep 2018

ANTAQ approves regulatory agenda for biennium 2018-2019

The National Agency for Waterway Transportation recently published Resolution 6,235, approving the agency's regulatory agenda for the 2018-2019 biennium. The regulatory agenda aims to inform the regulated sector and society at large about the agency's main regulatory issues for the biennium.
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ABNR | Indonesia | 17 Sep 2018

New online single submission system: what is it?

Government Regulation 24/2018 recently entered into force and established the integrated online single submission (OSS) system, which constitutes a significant overhaul of Indonesia's business licensing regime. The system aims to enable businesses to obtain all necessary central and local government business and operating licences online using the OSS portal. Although these changes have been......
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Tadmor Levy & Co | Israel | 13 Sep 2018

Antitrust commissioner receives new powers to protect parallel imports

In recent years, parallel and private imports have become an important factor in the public debate surrounding the cost of living in Israel. The level of competition (and ultimately prices) in many product markets is heavily dependent on imports. The recent amendment to the Restrictive Trade Practices Law aims to provide the antitrust commissioner with the authority to prevent conduct by......
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Mattos Filho Veiga Filho Marrey Jr e Quiroga Advogados | Brazil | 12 Sep 2018

Supreme Court upholds labour reform's ban on mandatory union contributions

When the labour reform came into force, it amended the provision requiring employees to pay annual contributions to relevant unions, instead making union contributions optional. After the reform was enacted, more than 15,000 lawsuits were filed to challenge union contribution-related matters. The Supreme Court recently ruled that the end of mandatory union contributions was constitutional.
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