To avoid costly penalties and administratively burdensome correction procedures, plan sponsors must remain up-to-date with respect to applicable Health and Welfare plan limits. Today, November 7, 2019, the IRS announced cost-of-living adjustments affecting the 2020 dollar limitations for Health and Welfare plans and other related Health and Welfare Benefits items. We’ve included some of the most commonly used business benefits below. For complete details on all changes, please see IRS publication Rev. Proc. 2019-44.

 

Health and Welfare Plan Inflation-Adjusted Limits for 2020
Item IRS Code Section 2020 Limit 2019 Limit   Note
Adoption Credit 23(a) $14,300 $14,080 The credit begins to phase out for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income more than $214,520.
Employee Health Insurance Expense of Small Employers 45R $27,600 $26,600 The limit of $27,600 is used in calculations to determine the actual credit for an employer.
Cafeteria Plans 125 $2750 $2,700 Limit on voluntary employee salary reductions for contributions to health FSA.
Dependent Care Assistance Program 129 & 21 $5,000 – married employee $2,500 – single employee (no change) $5,000 – married employee $2,500 – single employee Employee’s exclusion from income for payments under a DCAP in a calendar year
Qualified Transportation Fringe Benefit 132(f) $270 limit on commuter highway vehicle

 

$270 limit on qualified parking

$260 limit on commuter highway vehicle

 

$260 limit on qualified parking

Monthly limit on the amount that may be excluded from an employee’s income for qualified transportation benefits.
Adoption Assistance Programs  137 $14,300 $14,080 The credit begins to phase out for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income more than $214,520.
Health Savings Account (HSA) 223(b) $3550 – employee only $7100 – family $3,500 – employee only $7,000 – family Maximum Annual Contribution
HSA Catch-Up (age 55 and older) * 223(b) $1,000 (no change) $1,000 Annual Catch-Up Contribution Limit
High Deductible Health Plans (HDHP) 223(c) $1400 – employee only $2800 – family $1,350 – employee only $2,700 – family Minimum Annual Deductible Limits
HDHP Out-of-pocket Maximum 223(c) $6900 – employee only $13,800 – family $6,750 – employee only $13,500 – family Annual Maximum
Affordable Care Act (ACA) Cost-Sharing Out-of-pocket Maximum 223 $8150 – employee only $16,300 – family $7,900 – employee only $15,800 – family Overall Annual Cost-Sharing Limits for Health Plans