Night work is defined as work when at least two hours are between the hours of 22:00 and 06:00 on the following morning.

Pursuant to section 22 of the Hours of Work and Rest Law, 5711 – 1951, workplaces that operate shiftwork were allowed to assign not more than one week of night work to their employees every three weeks (in other words, an employee could not be required to work more than 7 night shifts every 21 days).

The amendment to the law takes effect on March 13, 2018, and allows a higher frequency of night work, so that now an employee can be assigned one week of night work every two weeks, so that it will be permitted to assign 7 night shifts to an employee every 14 days.

A special permit must be obtained from the Ministry of Labor in order to deviate from the provisions of section 22.