There have been a number of recent court opinions enforcing class arbitration waivers, compelling individual arbitration and denying class arbitration, with the lone exception being a California Court of Appeal opinion which, in conflict with an opinion from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, distinguished Concepcion and found a waiver of class arbitration to be unenforceable.

Alakozai v. Chase Investment Services Corp., No. 12-55553 (9th Cir. Feb. 7, 2014) (Affirming denial of motion to compel arbitration of class action claims, finding class arbitration exclusion in FINRA rules was not incorporated explicitly into parties’ agreement, potentially allowing for arbitration of class action claims in another arbitral forum).

Hickey v. Brinker Nat’l Payroll Company, LP, 1:13-cv-00951 (USDC D. Colo. Feb. 18 2014) (granting motion to compel individual arbitration of employees’ claims against employer, rejecting claims that agreement with class arbitration waiver was unenforceable under NLRA or was otherwise unenforceable as unconscionable or against public policy).

Michael Appelbaum v. AutoNation Inc., SACV 13-01927 (USDC C.D. Cal. April 8, 2014) (granting motion to compel individual arbitration of employee’s claims against employer, finding class arbitration waiver not unenforceable under NLRA or otherwise unconsionable, substantively or procedurally)

Johnson v., Inc., No. 11-56520 (9th Cir. March 20, 2014) (dismissing appeal of trial court’s grant of motion to compel individual arbitration of consumer protection claims, finding FAA bars appeals of court orders staying judicial proceedings and compelling arbitration).

Imburgia v. DirectTV, Inc., No. B239361 (Cal. App. Ct. April 7, 2014) (affirming denial of motion to compel individual arbitration, finding choice of law provision which did not explicitly mention FAA, but did mention state law, allowed for interpretation of enforceability issues under state law, despite that result would otherwise be preempted by FAA. The case distinguishes Concepcion, and is in conflict with Ninth Circuit decision in Murphy v. DirectTV, Inc., No. 11-57163 (9th Cir. July 30, 2013), discussed in prior post.