On October 19, 2017, the Canadian Securities Administrators ("CSA") published Staff Notice 33-321 Cyber Security and Social Media to report on a survey of cybersecurity and social media practices by firms registered to trade securities or to advise clients regarding securities, and to provide firms with detailed guidance regarding their cybersecurity and social media practices. The Staff Notice supplements the CSA's 2016 Staff Notice 11-332 Cyber Security. The cybersecurity guidance is useful for all kinds of organizations.
The CSA's 2016 Cyber Security Staff Notice
In September 2016, the Canadian Securities Administrators published Staff Notice 11-332 Cyber Security to emphasize the need for firms to follow guidance issued by regulatory authorities and standards organizations to proactively manage cyber risks and prepare for cybersecurity incidents. The Notice highlights the importance of cyber risks for securities market participants, references relevant standards and guidance documents, and sets out general expectations for firms' cyber risk management activities. For more information, see BLG bulletin Cyber Risk Management Regulatory Guidance from the Canadian Securities Administrators.
The CSA's 2017 Cyber Security and Social Media Staff Notice
The CSA's October 2017 Staff Notice 33-321 Cyber Security and Social Media reports on the results of a CSA survey of firms' cybersecurity and social media practices. The Staff Notice reminds that securities market participants are a known target of cyber criminals, and emphasizes that all firms, regardless of size or functions outsourced to related entities, should have appropriate cybersecurity policies and procedures. The Staff Notice also provides specific guidance for cybersecurity practices. Following is a summary.
1. Cybersecurity Policies/Procedures
Firms should have cybersecurity policies and procedures designed to safeguard the confidentiality, integrity and availability of the firm's data (including clients' personal information). The policies and procedures should address:
use of electronic communications; use of electronic devices; loss or disposal of electronic devices; use of public electronic devices or public internet connections to remotely access the firm's network and data; detecting unauthorized activity on the firm's network or electronic devices; ensuring software is updated in a timely manner; overseeing third-party vendors or service providers with access to the firm's network or data; and reporting cybersecurity incidents to the firm's board of directors (or equivalent). The policies and procedures should be reviewed and updated frequently.
Firms should educate and train their employees about cyber risks and the firm's cybersecurity policies and procedures. The training should include: recognizing risks; the types of cyber threats that employees may encounter and how to respond to those threats; handling confidential information; use of passwords; security of electronic devices; and escalating cybersecurity incidents.
3. Risk Assessments
Firms should conduct periodic (at least annual) cybersecurity risk assessments that include: an inventory of the firm's critical assets and confidential data; aspects of the firm's operations that are vulnerable to internal and external cyber threats; how cyber threats and vulnerabilities are identified; the potential consequences of identified cyber threats; and the adequacy of the firm's preventative controls and incident response plan.
4. Incident Response Plan
Firms should have a written cybersecurity incident response plan that includes: the incident response team; a description of the different types of incidents; procedures to stop an incident and eliminate the threat; procedures for recovery of data; investigation of an incident; and incident notification and reporting obligations.
5. Due Diligence of Service Providers
Firms should limit access by third-party vendors, consultants or other service providers to the firm's systems and data. Firms should periodically evaluate the adequacy of safeguards against cybersecurity incidents involving service providers and the handling of those incidents by service providers. Written agreements with service providers should include cybersecurity provisions. Firms should understand the cybersecurity practices of cloud service providers, and have procedures in place if data stored in a cloud service is not accessible.
6. Data Protection
Firms should use encryption and passwords to protect data and sensitive information stored on all computers and other electronic devices, and data that is accessible using communications portals. Firms should back up their data to a secure off-site server and regularly test the back-up process.
Firms should review their existing insurance policies for cybersecurity coverage, and should consider obtaining additional insurance for coverage gaps.
The CSA's guidance is generally consistent with similar guidance issued by other regulators and self-regulatory organizations. Cyber risk management guidance issued by securities industry regulators can be helpful for organizations of all kinds.