A new spectrum resource for direct broadcast satellite (DBS) and other fixed satellite service providers was opened last Friday with the release of an FCC order that sets forth licensing and service rules for satellite operations in the DBS reverse (i.e., 17-24 GHz) band. Currently there are 22 pending applications, filed by DirecTV, EchoStar, Intelsat North America and Pegasus, that request FCC authority to operate in the DBS reverse band. The FCC anticipates that the satellite firms will use the 17- 24 GHz band to deliver a range of new services that include video, audio, data and multimedia offerings. These firms will be required to amend their pending applications to bring them into compliance with the new technical rules, which, among other things, require four-degrees of orbital spacing and limit each applicant to five pending applications in the DBS reverse band. The order also includes a further notice of proposed rulemaking that seeks comment on issues of interference, such as the potential for space-path interference between existing DBS operations and DBS reverse band satellites, and coordination between existing DBS and DBS reverse band operators. Although the order was adopted unanimously by the FCC’s five commissioners, Commissioner Jonathan Adelstein issued a partial dissent, expressing regret that the agency chose not to take a “more aggressive approach” to bond requirements “to ensure that the spectrum is promptly put to use.”