The European Commission (EC) has proposed a regulation that would establish a list of “trusted collections” of seeds and other genetic resources and require researchers and companies to declare that they are in compliance with relevant laws when importing materials from “biodiversity hotspots.” According to the EC, the regulation would implement commitments that the European Union made by agreeing to the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing in 2010. Applicable to users of flora and fauna in research and product development, the proposal would require these groups to maintain information on the source and use of genetic resources as well as any related rights or obligations and any compliance restrictions in countries of origin for 20 years. The proposed regulation must be approved by the European Parliament and European Council before final adoption.