The UN Security Council has adopted Resolution 2138 (2014) extending the mandate of the Panel of Experts (the “Panel”), originally appointed to the Sudan Sanctions Committee (the “Committee”) by Resolution 1591 (2005). The role of the Panel is to assist the Committee in monitoring implementation of Resolution 1556 (2004), to make recommendations to the Committee and to coordinate with the African Union Mission in Sudan. Resolution 1556 provides that all states should take measures to prevent the sale or supply of arms, military vehicles and military equipment to all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the states of North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur, and further that all states should take measures to prevent the provision of technical training or assistance related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of such items.
The extension prolongs the mandate for a period of 13 months. The Panel has been asked to provide an interim report by 31 July 2014 and a final report no later than 17 January 2015. The final report is to include the findings of the Panel and its recommendations for further action. The Panel has also been asked to give updates to the Committee every three months regarding violations of the sanctions and any obstacles encountered by the Panel. The resolution noted, in particular, that the Panel’s Finance Expert had been denied entry into Sudan, and therefore called upon the government of Sudan to remove all restrictions imposed on the work of the Panel, including by issuing multiple-entry visas to all members of the Panel for the duration of its mandate.