1. What are the most effective ways for a European patent holder whose rights cover your jurisdiction to enforce its rights in your jurisdiction?
In Spain, European patent holders may bring civil court actions against potential infringers through the relevant legal proceedings. In exceptional circumstances, if a crime has been committed a criminal action may be brought. The administrative courts cannot revoke a patent, since the civil courts have jurisdiction for all proceedings related to patents. The Spanish courts also have exclusive jurisdiction to hear cases related to the validity of patent rights granted for Spain. An action may be brought either in the court with jurisdiction in the territory where the defendant is resident or in the competent court in the territory