President Obama released a memo June 7 that directs the Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, and Interior Secretaries to improve the siting and permitting processes for transmission lines in an effort to modernize the electric grid. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz is required to create a report on current research on transmission issues and utilizing renewable energy; one part of the report, focusing on western states, will be due in December 2013 while the second part, focusing on the rest of the U.S., will be due in April 2014.