The South African Competition Act has been amended to provide for criminal prosecution for executives.

India: The Competition Commission brings into effect leniency regulations in cartel cases.

Russia: Pre-notification is necessary if the combined worldwide turnover of enitities are more than 10 billion roubles (€220 million) per year or the parties’ worldwide assets are worth more than 7 billion roubles (€154 million) and the target’s assets are worth more than 250 million roubles (€5.5 million).