It looks like the U.S. Department of Labor’s appeal of the order blocking the new overtime exemption rules won’t be decided before President Obama leaves office. Under the Court of Appeals’ regular rules, the DOL’s opening brief would have been due in mid-January, followed by the response brief 30 days later, and the DOL’s reply 14 days after that, likely taking the briefing process into March. Last Friday, December 2, the DOL filed a motion asking the Court of Appeals to set an expedited briefing schedule, under which the DOL would file its initial brief by December 16, and all briefing would be completed by February 7, 2017. The DOL’s motion further asks the Court of Appeals to set a date for oral argument on “the first available date after close of briefing.”
In short, even under the DOL’s proposed expedited schedule, this appeal would not be resolved until well after January 20, 2017, when Donald Trump will be sworn in as President. While we can certainly speculate that President Trump may pull the plug on further efforts to defend the new rules in court, we don’t know what the new administration will do on this issue once it takes office. There are also still other wild cards that could be played before this drama is over. Congress could step in and overrule the DOL, or the District Court could issue its final ruling on the merits of the case, which could re-start the appeals process regardless of which way the decision goes.