The high cost of network deployment is arguably the single greatest impediment to healthy competition in the Turkish electronic communications sector. Facility-sharing and investor-friendly rights-of-way arrangements are important tools to reduce this barrier to market entry. Recent decisions and regulations by Turkey’s national regulatory authority, the Information and Communications Technologies Authority (the "Authority"), have emphasized the importance of facility sharing arrangements to enable operators to provide services using their own infrastructure. The Authority understands the importance of enabling operators to roll-out new generation networks with a minimum of resources to build a new network to improve efficiency and reduce costs for the benefit of the customers. To this end, the Authority wants to increase infrastructure competition by having operators share conduits, channels, ducts and similar infrastructure facilities with other operators.