The European Community Ship owners’ Associations welcomed the conclusion of the CETA agreement between Canada and the EU. The Agreement opens access to certain feeder services, transportation of empty containers and dredging services. However a word of caution is needed. CETA still has a long way to go before it can be approved by the EU. It is understood that there will have to be a referendum in the Netherlands, Belgium has referred parts of the Agreement to the European Court of Justice on the grounds that Belgium considers those parts incompatible with EU law, and Romania and Bulgaria are still not fully satisfied with visa access in Canada. What has been learnt from CETA and is being learnt in relation to TTIP is that negotiating and concluding trade agreements is becoming more and more complex.