On Wednesday, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, known as the farm bill, including provisions to fund the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP), Solar Industry magazine reports. REAP funding is among the credits, grants and subsidies that have contributed to a significant uptick in solar installations on farmlands in Ohio, Michigan and elsewhere, Midwestern Energy News reports (See our Dec 9, 2013, blog post – "Solar is proving itself to be an inexpensive and unintrusive energy choice for Ohio farmers"). REAP provisions "offers grants and loans to rural businesses and agricultural producers for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects, including solar and small wind power systems," according to Solar Industry. Michigan-based EcoJive Solar initially thought manufacturers would be their top customers, but it has instead been farmers, who have the open land and physical structures to support solar installations, as well as the inclination to think long term with regard to investing in their businesses and pursuing self-sufficiency. Senate approval is considered "a formality" and President Barack Obama is expected to sign the bill. Passage of the five-year farm bill fell mostly along party lines, with Democrats voting against it because it trimmed one percent from the food stamp program. The bill earmarks $45 million in each fiscal year from 2014 through 2018 to fund energy efficiency and renewable energy through REAP. Solar Industry reports that "[a]pplications for REAP funding are to be evaluated under the three-tiered approach, representing projects costing $80,000 or less, those over $80,000 but less than $200,000, and those costing $200,000 or more," adding that the "so-called energy title also provides funding for biofuel programs."