On September 7, 2016, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) published in the Federal Register a final rule [Docket No. 160617543-6543-01] that amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding eighty-one entities under eighty-six entries to the Entity List. The eighty-one entities who are added to the Entity List have been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. BIS is taking this action to ensure the efficacy of existing sanctions on the Russian Federation (Russia) for violating international law and fueling the conflict in eastern Ukraine. These entities will be listed on the Entity List under the destinations of the Crimea region of Ukraine, Hong Kong, India, and Russia.