Players in the broadband industry, including Cisco Systems and AT&T, are praising the release of a report on broadband penetration in California that is said to be the first to map the availability and speed of broadband service offerings and, thus, is being held up as a model for the FCC and other states to emulate. Titled The State of Connectivity: Building Innovation Through Broadband, the report was compiled by the California Broadband Task Force (CBTF), which was commissioned by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2006 with the goal of promoting universal access to broadband services, statewide build-out of broadband infrastructure, and the development of broadband-only applications. Although the CBTF found that California leads the U.S. in broadband availability, as 96% of the state’s residents have access to broadband facilities, the report includes a series of maps that offer detailed statistics on a household-by-household level concerning available service speeds and the number of residences in a given area that actually subscribe to certain levels of service. (By contrast, the FCC has been criticized for its method of measuring broadband penetration whereby an entire zip code is deemed as served if only one household in that locality subscribes to broadband.) With the assistance of California’s broadband providers, the CBTF was able to create maps showing that, in spite of the 96% penetration rate, (1) more than 1.4 million rural Californians lack access to broadband service of any kind, (2) only 56% of the state’s residents actually subscribe to broadband service, and (3) 54% of the state’s residents have access to broadband speeds of 10 Mbps or higher. Proclaiming that California’s approach is “something that other states and the federal government can learn from,” Jeffrey Campbell, the senior director of technology and communications policy for Cisco Systems and a CBTF member, observed, “it’s difficult to figure out how to start solving the issue of whether there’s enough broadband . . . when we just don’t know where there is and isn’t broadband in this country.” AT&T California also praised the report, noting that California’s economy needs a strong broadband infrastructure as its “foundation.”