If you feel like you have been hearing quite a bit about data breaches in colleges and universities, there is a reason. Institutions from the educational sector reported more breaches than any other sector for the recent period of September 2008 to March 2009, according to the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. Indeed, colleges and universities reported four times the number of breaches than the institutions within the health care sector; the sector that reported the second most data security breaches.
It certainly is laudable that educational institutions seem to take their data security breach notification responsibilities seriously, but it is imperative that they learn to avoid so many breaches in the first place. This is especially true given that colleges and universities collect personal and highly sensitive data not only from students, but also from faculty, personnel, applicants, alumni, business partners and others. This information often includes private financial, health, academic, demographic and other details.
Many of the data security incidents of educational institutions result from the loss or theft of equipment and errors leading to unauthorized access. Steps can and should be taken to safeguard equipment and access. For those colleges that have not done so already, they really ought to have a Chief Privacy/Security Officer in place who provides overall guidance and direction. An analysis of how and where an educational institution collects, maintains, and distributes private information should be conducted. A privacy and security policy should be developed and followed by the institution.
In going about this process, colleges and universities should consult with legal counsel who are knowledgeable and skilled in this area. This is true for many reasons including the fact that many federal and state laws come into play in terms data requirements. These laws include state breach notice laws, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, data security laws requiring encryption under certain circumstances, and other laws.
Hopefully as time goes on and as educational institutions get it right, we will hear less and less about data security breaches in this important sector.
- Data Security Breaches Cost Real Money (FindLaw's Technologist Blog)
- Heartbreak over Heartland: Why Prosecution for Data Breaches Isn't Enough (FindLaw)
- Heartland Payment Data Breach Draws Class Action Lawuit (FindLaw's Common Law Blog)