In November 2009 the Supreme People's Court announced a judicial interpretation that partially reverses the burden of proof for the “knowledge” element (similar to mens rea at common law) in money laundering offences. The interpretation provides that once the prosecution has proven the existence of certain factual circumstances, the knowledge element can be inferred and it is then up to the defendant to rebut the presumption that the requisite knowledge was present. Some of the objective factual circumstances include purchasing property well below the market price without a legitimate cause or assisting someone to deposit substantial sums of money into multiple bank accounts or frequently transferring sums between different bank accounts.