To enhance the performance standards of water treatment facilities in the People's Republic of China (“PRC”), the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (住房和城乡建设部) (“MOHURD”) promulgated in September 2010 the “Interim Measures on the Evaluation of the Urban Water Treatment” (城镇污水处理工作考核暂行办法) (the “Evaluation Rules”).
The Evaluation Rules implement an evaluation regime where the PRC's water treatment facilities will be assessed on a yearly basis.
Under the Evaluation Rules, MOHURD will be responsible for evaluating the construction, operation and management of water treatment facilities.
The evaluation will be implemented in three ways:
- Daily supervision;
- Ad hoc inspections; and
- Targeted inspections.
Timing of reports
MOHURD departments in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall complete and send to MOHURD a self-evaluation report before March of each year. Apart from following MOHURD's guidelines on evaluation, the report should also cover issues such as water treatment planning and execution, the regulation of water treatment and its implementation, water treatment tariffs, water quality testing and major safety issues.
MOHURD shall inspect and assess the progress of all evaluations before May each year.
The top score for the evaluation is 100 points and is divided into five parts:
- Facility coverage rate (设施覆盖率)
- Urban-rural wastewater treatment rate (城镇污水处理率)
- Treatment facilities utilisation rate (处理设施利用效率)
- Major pollutants reduction rate (主要污染物削减效率)
- Supervision and management index (监督管理指标)
The appendices to the Evaluation Rules set out clearly the number of points allocated to each part and the formulas used in calculating the scores.
For provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities (Appendix 1), the allocation is as follows.
For the 36 medium and large sized cities (Appendix 2), the allocation is as follows.
The results will be classified into one of the following categories.
Those which fall under the “excellent” category will be commended. Those which fall under the “poor” category will be informed and must submit a written report to MOHURD within 30 days, suggesting measures which can be taken for improving the water treatment facilities.
The Evaluation Rules will help MOHURD identify in which areas water treatment facilities are below par. Given that evaluation reports will be generated on a yearly basis, the new rules will likely hasten the improvement of water treatment facilities in the PRC. To what extent the Evaluation Rules will be complied with, however, is difficult to foresee as the Evaluation Rules do not spell out, apart from reporting, the consequences (e.g., penalties and/or administrative sanctions) of falling under the “poor” category. Nor are there financial incentives for water treatment facilities to move from the “average” and “good” categories to the top category.