FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb has indicated in remarks at a conference July 17 that the agency will act soon to enforce its identity standards for milk against producers of nondairy milk products. The dairy milk industry has been pressing the FDA and Congress to take such action, and Gottlieb's statement was the first sign that the agency will do so. "An almond doesn't lactate, I will confess," Gottlieb said, referring to the fact that the agency's current standards for milk point specifically to products from lactating animals. Gottlieb said the FDA will soon issue a guidance document describing the issue and setting forth what it plans to do. An action by the FDA on this matter would likely have the effect of barring producers of nondairy milk substitutes from marketing them as "milk."