The United States initiated dispute settlement proceedings at the WTO against China on September 20, alleging that China’s imposition in the late summer of 2010 of antidumping and countervailing duties against U.S. exports to China of broiler products violates numerous WTO rules. The Chinese antidumping duties, which range as high as 105.4 percent, and the countervailing duties, which range up to 30.4 percent, have eliminated nearly 90 percent of U.S. broiler exports to China, which previously had been the largest U.S. market for these exports. According to the U.S. complaint, China failed to observe numerous transparency and due process requirements, failed to properly explain the basis for its findings and conclusions, incorrectly calculated dumping margins, incorrectly calculated subsidy rates and made unsupported findings of injury to China’s domestic industry. If the matter cannot be resolved in bilateral consultations within 60 days, the United States will be free to ask a WTO panel to adjudicate the matter.