Recently, in Australia, whether the act of a company that provides "smartphone applications where users can set/record terrestrial broadcasting programs, and save such recorded programs in cloud and subsequently view on such users' smartphone or PC" constitutes copyright infringement of broadcasting works has become an issue (Singtel Optus Pty Ltd v National Rugby League Investments Pty Ltd., (No 2) 2012 FCA 34 (1 February 2012); National Rugby League Investments Pty Limited v Singtel Optus Pty Ltd., 2012 FCAFC 59 (27 April 2012)). With respect to the above, the Australian federal court recognized that such acts constitutes copyright infringement and held that the company that provided the above application to users which could generate recordings of broadcasting programs (e.g., soccer games) is deemed to be the principal regarding the acts of recording and, since the above company provided users with the cloud based recording systems for the purpose of business profits, the above acts of recording cannot be viewed as acts in regard to private use or for home use.