ESMA has published an updated version of both its MiFID II Q&As on market structures topics and Q&As on transparency topics. The amended Q&As on market structure topics include new questions relating to data disaggregation and the tick size regime. The amended Q&As on transparency topics include new question regarding the following: (i) Equity transparency, namely the review of waivers granted in accordance with MiFID (i.e. before 3 January 2018) under Article 4(7) of MiFIR; and (ii) Non-equity transparency, namely the procedure for granting a waiver from pre-trade transparency obligations for illiquid non-equity financial instruments. The Q&As were first published in October 2016.