On October 13, India’s Minister of Federal Power Sushilkumar Shinde called on India to develop its hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy sources as a means of coping with diminishing coal reserves, which accounts for a full 65% of the country’s energy portfolio. Shinde confirmed coal would continue to account for the majority of India's energy production through 2016. Yet as coal production decreases, costly imports will increase, and several Indian states in the country are facing electricity shortfalls due to coal shortages.