In 1990, 600 people were massacred while taking refuge in a church which was serving as a Red Cross humanitarian shelter. Four survivors have filed a civil lawsuit in a US court against Moses Thomas, who was a Colonel in the Armed Forces of Liberia, and whom the survivors allege ordered approximately 45 soldiers to enter the church and open fire.

Under US law, foreign victims of war crimes abroad can sue perpetrators in the US courts but the lawsuit can only recover monetary damages if successful.

Despite Liberia’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission recommending Thomas for prosecution, no cases from the conflict have been tried in Liberia.