This summer the Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) published its “Special Education Data Road Map” designed to help school districts navigate the various state and federal special education data requirements. Districts must annually submit information to ISBE regarding students with disabilities being served by their district. Using this data, ISBE must annually submit an Annual Performance Report to the Office of Special Education Programs of the U.S. Department of Education regarding the State’s overall performance in relation to 20 “indicators” and performance targets in the Illinois State Performance Plan. The reported purpose of the Road Map is to help districts and special education cooperatives understand the process between school districts’ reporting of special education data to ISBE and the final reports and decisions issued by ISBE that are based on this data. The Road Map explains why ISBE collects special education data, how the data is used to make decisions at the state and federal level, and the data systems ISBE uses to collect district reported data. The Road Map also describes the indicators contained in the State Performance Plan for which most of the special education data is collected. Frequently asked questions and reporting tips are also provided throughout the Road Map.