On 4 October 2011, the ECJ ruled that the English Football Association Premier League (“Premier League”) cannot prohibit television viewers from using decoder cards bought and imported from foreign broadcasters. The Premier League had brought actions in the UK High Court against two public houses for using Greek satellite decoder boxes and cards to screen live Premier League football matches. Following a referral from the High Court, the ECJ held that any contractual provision aimed at conferring absolute exclusivity in a national market and making penetration of that national market more difficult for foreign competitors is likely to be anticompetitive. Although the ECJ held that exclusive broadcasting agreements are not in themselves anti-competitive, the exclusive licences entered into by the Premier League were. Read more.