Effective February 1, 2008, the U.S. Department of State (DOS) instituted a new fee schedule for passport services. The fees are being adjusted to cover the cost of providing efficient and secure passport services including infrastructure, technology and staff. The Passport Execution fee collected by passport acceptance centers and U.S. consular sections abroad is being reduced from $30 to $25. The new services include the option of ordering a new Passport Card at a low cost for use at land and sea ports-of-entry as an alternative to a U.S. Passport. Due to concerns regarding runaway children and child abduction, the DOS now requires both parents to personally appear at a passport acceptance facility, passport agency or U.S. Consular section abroad with minor applicants under the age of 16 (previous age requirement was 14) and sign the passport application.