The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) recently proposed amendments (“Proposed Amendments”)1 to the disclosures currently required by Regulation S-K for public companies, investment companies and investment advisers.
The Proposed Amendments are based on the Staff’s report,2 mandated by Section 72003 of the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (“FAST”) Act,3 outlining specific Staff recommendations to simplify and modernize the Regulation S-K disclosure requirements. The purpose of the mandated amendments to the disclosures, according to the FAST Act, is to “further scale or eliminate requirements . . . to reduce the burden on emerging growth companies, accelerated filers, smaller reporting companies, and other smaller issuers, while still providing all material information to investors” and “eliminate provisions … required for all issuers, that are duplicative, overlapping, outdated, or unnecessary.”4
II. Highlights of the Proposed Amendments
While the Proposed Amendments largely mirror the recommendations contained in the Staff’s report, several changes were made.5 According to the SEC, the Proposed Amendments would, among other things:
- Revise rules and forms to update, streamline or otherwise improve the SEC’s disclosure framework by eliminating the risk factor examples listed in the disclosure requirement and revising the description of property requirement to emphasize the materiality threshold;
- Update rules to account for developments since their adoption or last amendment by eliminating certain requirements for undertakings in registration statements, including the Item 512(c), (d), (e) and (f) undertakings;
- Simplify disclosure or the disclosure process, including proposed changes to exhibit filing requirements and the related process for confidential treatment requests and changes to Management's Discussion and Analysis that would allow for flexibility in discussing historical periods; and
- Incorporate technology to improve access to information by requiring data tagging for items on the cover page of certain filings and the use of hyperlinks for information that is incorporated by reference and available on EDGAR.
The SEC’s proposal also includes parallel amendments to several rules and forms applicable to investment companies and investment advisers. These parallel amendments include proposed changes that would require certain investment company filings to include a hyperlink to each exhibit listed in the exhibit index and to submit each exhibit in HyperText Markup Language (HTML) format. The SEC is seeking public comment on the proposed rules for 60 days after they are published in the Federal Register.6