The California State Contract Act (California Public Contract Code §§10100, et seq.) requires competitive bidding for most public projects. The California Legislature awarded a construction contract for the Capitol Park Safety and Security Improvements Project without competitive bidding. The court held that the legislature is not bound by the competitive bidding requirements, stating the contract did not violate the separation of powers doctrine (Article III, Section 3 of the Constitution) because the legislature retains powers necessary to its lawmaking functions, including the power to protect the safety and security of the legislature pursuant to Article IV, Section 7 of the constitution. A legislative assembly is vested with all the powers and privileges which are necessary and incidental to a free and unobstructed exercise of its appropriate functions, which includes the power to enter into construction contracts without competitive bidding. Zumbrun Law Firm v. California Legislature, 165 Cal.App.4th 1603, 82 Cal.Rptr.3d 525 (2008).