The Senate has been considering a bill, already passed by the House, that would modernize the Video Privacy Protection Act (VPPA) in order to allow subscribers of video services to consent to the sharing of their video-rental records on an ongoing basis, rather than requiring that they consent to each instance of sharing. But getting the Senate to pass a companion bill got a whole lot harder after Senate Judiciary Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) attached to the VPPA bill his proposal to change the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) to require the government to get a search warrant when it wants access to any stored electronic communications or to get prospective geolocation information from mobile carriers. Some communications and geolocation information are now accessible with a subpoena or a court order based on less than probable cause. Predictably, Leahy’s action prompted an outcry from law enforcement, which vehemently objects to raising the bar for obtaining communications content or geolocation information. Law enforcement is unlikely to drop that opposition, meaning the VPPA amendment is likely to be stalled indefinitely unless Senator Leahy can be convinced to split off his ECPA proposal for separate consideration.