On a June 22 visit to Jamaica, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton outlined several energy efficiency, climate change, and renewable energy programs for cooperation between the United States and Caribbean nations. Clinton invited the Caribbean countries to join an Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas, formed in 2009, initiative to encourage a smooth adaptation to climate change. Secretary Clinton also invited Caribbean nations to join a Caribbean Climate Change Adaptation Initiative (a research collaboration between U.S. universities and the University of the West Indies) focused on collecting region-specific data to allow for better climate adaptation, climate policy, and overall planning. The US will also award six technical assistance grants for sustainable energy projects in the region. The projects (solar, geothermal, wind, solar water heating) are in Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Grenada, Jamaica, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Finally, Secretary Clinton called for proposals by the Organization of American States for subsea cables between St. Kitts and Nevis and Puerto Rico that would allow the transfer of geothermal energy from St. Kitts and Nevis to Puerto Rico.