Egypt's Court of Appeal has ordered that Egypt's ex-Prime Minster, Ahmed Shafiq, appear at a criminal court on financial corruption charges if he returns to the country. The case has been formally referred for trial and started on 2 December 2012.

Shafiq was the last prime minister to serve under the ousted leader, Hosni Mubarak. He fled to the United Arab Emirates after losing the presidential election in June to the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi.

In September 2012, Shafiq was referred to the criminal court in relation to the sale of land to Mubarak's two sons at an undervalue.

Shafiq has repeatedly denied the allegations against him and has stated that he will stay in the UAE for "security reasons". Shafiq's assets, and those of his three daughters, have been frozen by the Egyptian Court.