- On April 3, 2007, the Commission announced that it sent Statements of Objections to Apple and several major record companies in relation to agreements that are believed to contain territorial restrictions on Internet music sales. Apple sells downloaded music through a network of regional iTunes stores in the European Economic Area. iTunes customers, however, can purchase downloads only from the iTunes Internet site that corresponds to their country of origin, which iTunes verifies through credit card information provided by customers during check-out. In general, geographic market allocations that harm competition violate the provision of Article 81 of the EC Treaty that prohibits restrictive business practices.
- On April 11, 2007, the Commission announced that it sent Statements of Objections to several companies suspected of having participated in a cartel for the transport of bulk liquids by sea. Specifically, the companies are believed to have allocated customers, rigged bids, fixed prices and exchanged sensitive business information. Reportedly receiving Statements of Objections were Norwegian shipping companies Odfjell Seachem AS and Jo Tankers BV, and London-based Stolt- Nielsen SA.
- On April 23, 2007, the Commission announced that it sent Statements of Objections to several automotive glass manufacturers for their alleged participation in a price-fixing cartel. The companies are suspected of allocating customers and agreeing on supply quotas and prices for automotive glass, which they collectively supplied to the majority of the European automotive industry. The companies reported to have received Statements of Objections include Pilkington, Asahi Glass and Compagnie de Saint-Gobain.
A company that receives a Statement of Objections may present a defense to the Commission. The Commission will then render a final decision, which may be accompanied by fines of up to 10 percent of each company’s annual worldwide turnover.