Muy probablemente en más de una ocasión te ha tocado completar un formulario de alguna empresa u organización, el cual para finalizar el documento vemos un lugar donde dice: FIRME AQUÍ, seguido de un amplio recuadro donde podemos utilizar un puntero para hacer nuestro garabato, como cuando utilizábamos Paint en la primaria, o también vemos en los documentos en PDF que desde hace varios años incluyen una herramienta para que podamos agregar nuestra firma digital.

Debido a la pandemia de COVID-19 y la transformación irreversible del mundo, el uso de la tecnología se ha vuelto fundamental para la simplificación y agilización de trámites; sin embargo, e incluso contando con una Ley de Firma Electrónica, los nicaragüenses aún no podemos utilizar esta tecnología, ya que nos ha tomado más tiempo incorporar estas herramientas. A pesar de eso, hemos celebrado la noticia de determinadas instituciones públicas que están implementando diversas gestiones de trámites en línea, porque ¿a quién no le gusta ahorrar horas y horas de espera?

Now I will tell you, what does it mean that the electronic signature still cannot be used in Nicaragua? Well, Law No. 729 Electronic Signature Law, published in La Gaceta No. 165 of August 30, 2010, and Decree 57-2011 Regulation of Law No. 729 published in La Gaceta No. 211 of November 8 of 2011, their purpose is to grant and recognize legal value to the certified electronic signature, which means that a document with an electronic signature can have the same legal force as a document with a handwritten signature before any public or private entity, in legal proceedings, administrative or other in Nicaragua, except for the following cases:

  • Legal acts of family law
  • Very personal acts in general, such as those where you must appear before a Notary Public.
  • Provisions for cause of death
  • Acts that must be performed under the formalities required by the Law on the matter or by those agreements between the parties.

To use the electronic signature, there are two fundamental subjects: the General Directorate of Technology (DGTEC) and the Certification Service Provider. The DGTEC is a dependency of the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, in charge of the validation, authorization, cancellation, inspection and administration of all processes related to the electronic signature. This entity is responsible for granting the corresponding accreditation to the Certification Service Provider who is the legal person that grants, registers, maintains and publishes the electronic signature certificates, which, among other requirements, must have reliable systems and products that guarantee the legal, technical and cryptographic security of the procedures with which they work, as well as the confidentiality of the information,

To date, Nicaragua does not have a Certification Service Provider, which positions the country as a place with difficult adaptation to changes and advances in the rest of the world, and this limits our clients' alternatives for the development of their commercial activities regarding the legal force that your documents may have if the electronic signature were an alternative.

This means that, today, in 2020, the option that we can offer our clients is for the parties to use their handwritten signature for the validity of their documents. If the parties are in different countries, they must send their handwritten signature via Courier to the same place, to attach them to the rest of the content of the document.

After the social distancing measures to face COVID-19, and which brought with it the closure of airports and the pause of many commercial activities, issues such as electronic signatures take center stage again, because it is a way to streamline and simplify processes, but more important, to provide security for electronic documents that can circulate in Nicaraguan territory, and that these have the same validity and authenticity as if they had the handwritten signature of the owner.

Legislatively, we have been prepared for nine years but we still need to implement it. It is everyone's responsibility to urge the Nicaraguan Authorities to evolve on these issues that streamline and simplify our day-to-day activities. The world is adapting at a speed we never imagined, we cannot be left behind!