In American Express Co. v. Italian Colors Restaurant, the United States Supreme Court recently issued an opinion enforcing “class-action waivers” con-tained in arbitration agreements. As a result, a “class-action waiver” contained in an arbitration agreement may require that claimants as a class submit their claim(s) in arbitration, as opposed to litigating as a class in state or federal court. Firms may wish to review their employee agreements, customer agreements and other agreements to de-termine whether a “class-action waiver” should be maintained, introduced or modified. A copy of the opinion is available here.