The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), along with federal, state and local law enforcement agents across Massachusetts, arrested 52 gang members and associates and 28 other criminals last week as part of the agency’s Operation Community Shield initiative. Operation Community Shield is a national law enforcement initiative launched by ICE in 2005 to fight against violent transnational street gangs. According to ICE, gangs have a significant number of foreign-born members and are often involved in criminal activity. According to ICE, all of those arrested during last week’s effort had criminal histories and many of them had a history of violent crimes. The four-day operation resulted in 55 arrests of permanent residents, 14 who were illegally residing in the U.S., two who were wanted on outstanding warrants of deportation, and three who re-entered the U.S. illegally after having been deported. ICE reported that those arrested as part of this local gang operation were foreign nationals from Barbados, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Columbia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Portugal, Trinidad and Vietnam.