The European Court of Justice (ECJ) decided, on 18 July 2007, that Germany had breached its obligations under EU law by failing to comply with its earlier judgment in joined cases C20/01 & C28/01. The cases concerned the award of a contract for the collection of waste water by the Municipality of Bockhorn and a contract for waste disposal by the city of Braunschweig, which was not competitively let under the procedures required under EU procurement law. When Germany took no action following this judgment, the European Commission initiated further action, seeking damages against Germany. The ECJ held that Germany was in breach of the law in failing to take appropriate measures to comply with its judgment but declined to impose financial penalties for the breach.