During the 14th EU-India Summit in New Delhi on 6 October 2017, EU Commission President Juncker expressed the EU's willingness to resume negotiations with India on a Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) "when the conditions are right". It was announced that the Chief Negotiators of the two sides will convene in November to discuss the way forward. The BTIA talks were launched in June 2007 but have been slow and challenging. Numerous differences persist, including on market access for cars and spirits, services and non-tariff barriers.

Meanwhile, the EP on 13 September 2017 adopted a resolution on EU political relations with India in which it reiterated its support for a comprehensive and ambitious free trade agreement that is "economically, socially and politically valuable for both sides" and welcomed efforts to relaunch the BTIA negotiations.