On June 18, the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General (“OIG”) announced plans to revise its Provider Self-Disclosure Protocol (“SDP”) and asked for public comment and recommendations on potential changes. The SDP, originally adopted in 1998, allows health care providers to disclose actual or potential fraud to the OIG in effort to expedite the resolution of any potential claims and conserve the OIG’s limited investigative resources. The SDP provides health care entities with guidance not only on the proper disclosure procedure, but on conducting an internal investigation, estimating the financial impact and liability, and cooperating with the OIG throughout the process.

According to the OIG, it has settled over 800 matters in the past 14 years through the SDP process, resulting in more than $280 million in recovery to the federal health care programs. These matters often involved health care entities reporting the employment of individuals excluded from the federal health care programs or disclosing potential kickbacks. For health care entities, the possible benefits of the SDP include avoiding an enforcement action under the False Claims Act, the Anti-Kickback Statute, or other relevant law; the presumption against Corporate Integrity Agreements that accompanies the SDP; and settling claims for less than may otherwise occur through civil litigation.

The OIG now hopes to revise the SDP to “address relevant issues” and “provide useful guidance to the health care industry.” To similar ends, the OIG previously issued three open letters in 2006, 2008, and 2009 to encourage use of the SDP, clarify its requirements, and expedite the process. This, however, will be the first revision to the SDP itself.

A copy of the OIG’s announcement can be found here. Comments are due by August 17, 2012.