Following an application to claim that vitamin D is important to normal bone and teeth development in infants and children, the European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA’s) Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies has issued an opinion affirming that vitamin D contributes to normal develop- ment of bones and teeth. The panel noted previous favorable assessments of vitamin D and the maintenance of normal bones and teeth in the general population, concluding that “the role of vitamin D in bone and tooth miner- alisation and homeostasis applies to all ages, including infants and young children (from birth to three years).”