Do you or your clients sell goods from a retail location in Virginia? Do you collect and sell the information you collect about your purchasers? Do your purchasers know?
A recent, newsworthy First Amendment case in the 4th Circuit provides an opportunity to visit these questions. Incidentally, the case involved a privacy activist who was concerned about being charged under the Virginia Personal Information Privacy Act, VA CODE §§ 59.1-442 - 444 for putting up a website that highlighted public documents bearing social security numbers, including those of certain government officials. The court found First Amendment protections in that case, as may be seen in the above links.
But the scope of the Personal Information Privacy Act is not limited to social security numbers.
Some common marketing practices of average retailers may have a bit more difficulty under the Personal Information Privacy Act. This statute requires merchants to give notice to its purchasers when it sells information about its purchasers:
No merchant, without giving notice to the purchaser, shall sell to any third person information which concerns the purchaser and which is gathered in connection with the sale, rental or exchange of tangible personal property to the purchaser at the merchant's place of business.
Under the Virginia Personal Information Privacy Act., an aggrieved person may be entitled to $100 per violation, reasonable attorney’s fees, and court costs. Id. § 59.1-442. Violations are also considered a prohibited practice under the Virginia Consumer Protection Act, which offers additional remedies.