Earlier this month the Nebraska Governor signed a bill mandating E-Verify for public employers and state contractors. The law requires public employers and state contractors to register and begin performing E-Verify checks on newly-hired employees starting October 1, 2009. Under the law, public contractors are defined as "any contractor or his or her subcontractor who is awarded a contract by a public employer for the physical performance of services within the State of Nebraska." Nebraska's public employers also must verify the legal status of all applicants trying to collect public benefits and may not to provide benefits to persons illegally present in the United States. Although private employers are not obligated to use E-Verify under this new law, Nebraska has created creates tax incentives for private entities that use E-Verify.