A grant of €146m from the Austrian government for the remediation of a contaminated site owned by Voestalpine Stahl has been approved by the European Commission. The site is heavily contaminated with chemicals which have leaked into the ground as a result of air raids during the Second World War and post war demolition. The approved aid exceeds the €7.5m limit under the Commission’s guidelines on aid for environmental protection, but was approved on the basis that the project complied with the “polluter-pays” principle and the aid would not lead to overcompensation. The Commission concluded that on balance, the negative effects on competition and trade were limited whilst the effects on the environment are positive.